French : tilapia, tilapia du Nil
Did you know that tilapia is the most consumed fish in the world, and the second-most farmed fish? Until 2004, salmon and rainbow trout were the top-selling fishes in the world, but they have since been surpassed by tilapia.
The name comes from the word thiape in the Tswana language (one of the languages of the Bantu), and simply means fish.
Tilapia is one of the world's oldest delicacies. Hieroglyphs and carvings of this small fish dating back over 4,500 years reveal that it was eaten by the Egyptian Pharaohs. Native to the Nile River, tilapia spread to the fresh waters of Africa and Asia and has been farmed since 2,500 BC. Tilapia has had many names - including St. Peter's fish, not only because it is believed to be the fish that Peter caught, but also the fish with which Jesus fed the multitudes.
Photo : Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, Seafood Watch
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