Portugal - alcachofra
of Italian origin - articiocco
Note: Don't confuse artichokes with Jerusalem artichokes which are tubers from a plant of the sunflower family.
Mediterranean area - Sicily, Egypt or Canary Islands
This artichoke is grown mostly in the eastern Pyrenees. The Blanc hyerois is uniformly green with narrow leaves. It is usually picked before full maturity so that is stays crisp. It is eaten raw with vinaigrette.
The Italian or Green Laon Artichoke
Sometimes also called the "cat's head" artichoke. The spinoso sardo from Sardinia, the sakis from Turkey, the tudela from Spain, the Venetian purple, the Tuscan…. there are countless varieties of artichoke, many given the name of the particular region where they are grown.
Hints & Tips